Considering the cost-effective factor of 3D printing, reputed companies are making an effort to build homes with the help of these highly advanced printers. In Shanghai, ten houses have been built with 3D printer. This concrete is partially made from recycled wastes and therefore they are more eco-friendly than the regular concrete houses. The companies are using 3D printers to generate villages of houses in order to give that perfect look to each building. These concrete printers are generally 150 meters long, 10 meters wide and 6 meters deep. However, the size may vary according to the size of the project (Source: IFL Science).
Well, the concept here is a bit different to those of traditional 3D printing. No giant printer is used to churn out the entire house on the spot. Instead the 3D printer creates layers to make the parts that can be assembled into a house by human resources. The software that is used to form the parts also is capable of adding things such as plumbing and windows, added after the building is erected. These printers thus come to great use and are laden with some amazing features. Some of them are mentioned below:
- Environment Friendly: These 3D printers used to build homes are energy efficient and therefore provides environmental efficiencies, thereby utilizing almost 90% of the standard materials. Also, it creates lesser wastes and makes a lighter and much stronger design.
- Customization: 3D printing allows mass customization, meaning it has the ability to tailor houses according to people’s needs. Aside from that one can build at least more than one house at the same time without any additional process cost.
- Tool-less: Imagine while building a house in the traditional method how many labors and machines will you require (Source: Amazing Beautiful World). These 3D printers will need half or none of that. In case of low or medium volume applications, these printers can eliminate the requirement for tool production. This is the reason why most of the manufacturers today are buying this proposition.
While using 3D printers to generate villages of houses, materials such as high grade cements, constructional and industrial wastes along with fiber glass are used. This kind of project is taken up to offer an inexpensive and rapid solution to the people who fall victims to natural disasters or are homeless. Even though, these houses may not look like that of the regular buildings or homes, they are likely to provide a quick housing solution to the needy.